Learning consists of giving meanings and making the content something of our own, something to which we have given our particular meaning, this is what is known as meaningful learning. Among the learning methods that promote meaningful learning we can highlight problem-based learning.
Problem-based learning is a special and very useful teaching-learning methodology that:
- It enables the active participation of the student.
- It allows to construct meanings.
- It involves finding solutions.
- It helps to think and therefore to development.
What is problem-based learning?
Problem-based learning consists of presenting a problem to students on a specific topic or matter and asking them to find the solution.
The difference with other methodologies is that in this type of method, the contents are not previously exposed. In the problem-based learning methodology, the problem is proposed without having exposed the contents. It will be the students who have to elaborate the solutions, with some orientation or guide, and from there elaborate the exhibition of contents.
This learning is a strategy to carry out the flipped class. It will be the students who have to face the problem and find solutions to it.
Problem-based learning consists of a series of problems prepared by a group of teachers that are delivered to the students. Problems use simple language to describe challenging observable facts or phenomena that need to be explained. Normally these problems are delivered in groups and the task of the group is to discuss the problems, search for information, examples, etc... and thus find valid explanations.
Why problem-based learning?
- Importance is given to the learning process and not only to the content to be learned.
- The ability to learn to learn, reasoning, and the ability to solve problems are developed.
- Encourage reflection.
- The students are forced to think and debate and with this they create their true learning.
- Involvement with the process is increased, as well as interest and motivation.
- Effective reasoning processes are developed.
- The student takes control over their learning.
- Real meaningful learning is achieved.
When to use meaningful learning?
Problem-based learning is a methodology that can be used at any educational stage and in any subject or subject of study. The problems can be adapted to any age or subject, they do not have to be mathematical problems or complicated problems.